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[來源:www.haradaip.com] [作者:淤泥固化] [日期:18-12-07]

1.合理利用地形 1. rational use of terrain 在進行河道的規劃與設計時,首先要求工程師對河流的上下游情況做到充分了解。一些河流附近散落的局部低洼,要在盡可能保持原狀的基礎上塑造生動的景觀,并與河流連通起來。其次,設計水體的岸線要以平滑流暢的曲線代替僵硬筆直的直線,來體現流水的順暢柔美。駁岸和池底要盡可能保持天然狀況,并要與地下水連通,這樣能使清潔和更新水體的費用大大減少。最后,可以用卵石和原木加藤本植物來穩固沖刷較強的區域。 When planning and designing river courses, engineers are required to fully understand the upstream and downstream of rivers. Some of the local low-lying scattered near the river, to maintain as much as possible on the basis of the original shape of a lively landscape, and connected to the river. Secondly, the shoreline of the designed water body should be smooth and smooth curve instead of rigid straight line, to reflect the smooth and soft flowing water. The barge and the bottom of the pool should be kept as natural as possible and connected to groundwater, thus greatly reducing the cost of cleaning and renewing the water. Finally, pebbles and Haraki Kato plants can be used to stabilize strong areas. 2.河道護岸形式 2. channel revetment form 在設計城市濱水景觀的普通護岸時,要使其外表樸實自然,這樣能很好的和周圍環境相融合。在構思護岸的平面形狀時,要將舒緩怡人作為出發點,避免小尺寸和小圓弧式的變化,以免破壞河川的美觀;也不要為了追求視覺的變化而在護岸平面形狀中使用不必要的曲線。 In the design of the ordinary revetment of urban waterfront landscape, we should make its appearance simple and natural, so that it can be well integrated with the surrounding environment. In the design of the plane shape of the revetment, it is necessary to take comfort as a starting point, to avoid small size and small arc changes, so as not to destroy the beauty of the river; and do not use unnecessary curves in the plane shape of the revetment for the pursuit of visual changes. 在平面形狀的變化上,應該采用大單位空間變化為主細微變化為輔的方式,通過處理局部水體使水流形態發生變化,或者采取培植水生植物和魚蝦等小動物的方式,使景觀變化自然得體。 In the change of the plane shape, the change of the large unit space should be used as the supplement. The change of the water flow can be changed by the treatment of the local water body, or the way of planting aquatic plants and fish and shrimp to make the landscape change natural. 3.景觀節點和景區的設置 3. setting of landscape nodes and scenic spots 城市河流通常都比較長,如果做成同一種主題風格,就會很容易讓人產生千篇一律的審美疲勞,同時也不利于營造濱河主題公園。因此,在場地和資金允許的情況下,可以采用分段的方式,將一條河流分割成長短不一的數段,并使每一段的主題風格都不盡相同,可以是自然風格的,可以是彰顯文化氣息的,也可以是反映歷史進展的,用與之相呼應的景觀來營造以達到預定的效果,這樣設置出來的景觀將是人文與自然融合、歷史與現代融合的多層級結合。 Urban rivers are usually relatively long, and if they are made in the same style, it will be easy for people to create a monotonous aesthetic fatigue, and it is also not conducive to the creation of a riverside theme park. Therefore, in the case of space and funds, the section can be segmented to divide a river into a short and different section, and the theme style of each section can be different. It can be a natural style, it can show the cultural atmosphere, and it can also be a reflection of the history of history and the landscape that echoes with it. To create to achieve the intended effect, so that the landscape will be set out of the integration of human and nature, history and modern integration of multi-level combination.

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